When our skin begins to show signs of uneven coloration, it can often cause mild alarm. We may wonder why those spots seemed to suddenly appear and we probably want to do everything we can to return our skin to its once-perfect condition. But before we can begin to alter the appearance of our skin, we should first understand what is causing the change in coloration. Only then can we begin to recognize effective ways for treating and preventing the problem.
The cells that produce pigment, or melanin, in our skin are sprinkled at the basal layer of the epidermis in a ratio of about one for every 20 normal cells. This is what allows our skin to have an even distribution of color. When the sun and its ultraviolet light causes damage to these cells, it can cause them to produce excessive amounts of melanin. This results in a blotched and irregular skin tone appearance.
Covering these irregular areas can be difficult to achieve. Even when the spots aren’t very dark, you will still need a thick, even coverage of makeup to mask the differences in skin tone. Wouldn’t it be nice if we could simply minimize the appearance of these marks without the use of heavy makeup? This is what skin brighteners are designed to do.
The term brighteners relates to products with ingredients that are designed to make skin pigment more even. Contrary to what some may believe, skin brightening products do not remove melanin from the skin or bleach it. Instead, they act by regulating the rate at which melanin is produced in order to keep new spots from forming. The existing spots can then slough off the skin over the course of 2-3 weeks with normal or induced exfoliation. The intended result is a skin surface that is evenly colored, brighter and more youthful in appearance.