Discovered in Japan and derived primarily from mushrooms, Kojic Acid has been used for over 15 years to address dark spots or patches known as hyperpigmentation. Melanin production, stimulated by UV light exposure, hormonal shifts and other factors, manifests itself by darkening the skin. In the summer, we recognize this as a sun tan. As we age, the cells producing melanin become less evenly dispersed in the skin so that when melanin is produced, the result may be spots or patches. Kojic acid, when applied to a patch, spot or evenly across a large surface area, works to suppress melanin production. The result is a brighter, more even skin tone and a reduction in brown spots and patches. Kojic Acid is considered a natural alternative to other lightening ingredients that have recently come under scrutiny by the FDA.